As a result of the battles that took place in Syria, a large number of cities were destroyed, such as the eastern regions of Aleppo, the city of Homs, al-Qusayr, and most of the cities of Damascus Countryside and Daraa. Yet, there have not been real reconstruction works in these cities, neither in terms of infrastructure nor housing development. Despite the issuance of master plans for some of them, nothing tangible has occurred in terms of implementation.
In previous years, minor restorations took place, most of which were carried out by humanitarian associations. The United Nations Development Fund and some international agencies have also intervened to rehabilitate facilities and markets with minimum necessary levels for the implementation of these projects.
Thus, it seems that what is being talked about by the Syrian regime within the framework of the reconstruction approach is no more than a propaganda based on the claim that the war has come to an end and that the reconstruction process is just a reward for the regime's "military victories". Moreover, the regime believes that the cost of the reconstruction must be paid, whether economically or politically, by the countries hosting the refugees in exchange for returning them to their country. The reconstruction file is also presented by the regime as a "carrot and stick" approach for current or potential partners, as Ali Baba's cave that will be granted to the parties closest to the regime.
This study highlights Homs as an example of the issue of reconstruction, and at the same time as a striking example of the largely destroyed cities. Within the study, various details about the reconstruction plans of Homs are presented. It also reviews the results of these plans and the steps for their implementation.
This study is directed to those who follow the issue of reconstruction in Syria, and those interested in the affairs of the IDPs, as well as those who follow the Syrian file in general.